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spartina alterniflora common name

Tax Center By: Chris Daehler. Appearance: Tall, smooth grass. NVS code Help. Previously, Spartina and Sporobolus were 2 of 6 separate genera within a larger group called Sporobolinae. Spartina alterniflora Loisel. Partridge TR, 1987. Normile, D. 2004. The Wetland Monitoring and Assessment Program's (WMAP) goal is to assess the health of wetlands and the functions and ecosystem benefits that they provide.We use this information to inform the citizens of Delaware and to improve upon existing education, restoration, protection, and land use planning efforts. Pure S. alterniflora grows within the lower elevational marsh zones in its native range but, in San Francisco Bay, its hybrids with S. foliosa grow both below and above the range of that species. General Assembly Spartina alterniflora. Sheaths mostly glabrous, throat glabrous or minutely pilose, lower sheaths often wrinkled; ligules 1-2 mm; blades to 60 cm long, 3-25 mm wide, lower blades shorter than those above, usually flat basally, becoming involute distally, abaxial surfaces glabrous, adaxial surfaces glabrous or sparsely pilose, margins usually smooth, sometimes slightly scabrous, apices attenuate. Common name smooth cordgrass. Other scientific names. Spartina alterniflora is considered a serious threat to coastal ecosystems in Washington and California. Scientific name: Spartina alterniflora What Is It? Grows 3 to 7 feet high. It grows in low-lying, salt and brackish tidal marshes along the shores of the middle and lower Chesapeake Bay. Delaware State Code ©MMXVIII Delaware.gov, The Official Blog of the Wetland Monitoring & Assessment Program. The Alabama Plant Atlas is a source of data for the distribution of plants within the state as well as taxonomic, conservation, invasive, and wetland information for each species. Journal of Ecology, 13:74-91. ... Common name. As a result, the genus Spartina was incorporated into the genus Sporobolus following a reclassification in 2014. Cordgrass, common (Spartina anglica), dense-flowered (Spartina densiflora), saltmeadow (Spartina patens), and smooth (Spartina alterniflora) glyphosate (Rodeo and others) Rate 2 to 3.75 lb ae/a broadcast, 2% to 5% solution through hand-held equipment, or 33% solution with wiper applicators. Spartina, commonly known as cordgrass or cord-grass, is a genus of plants in the grass family, frequently found in coastal salt marshes. Oliver FW, 1925. Delaware Topics It is native to the eastern United States, but is considered invasive, in salt marshes, in California. Click on an acronym to view each weed list, or click here for a composite list of Weeds of the U.S. STATE. Glumes straight, sides usually glabrous, sometimes pilose near the base or appressed pubescent, hairs to 0.3 mm; lower glumes 4-10 mm, acute; upper glumes 8-14 mm, keels glabrous, lateral veins not present, apices acuminate to obtuse, occasionally apiculate; lemmas glabrous or sparsely pilose, apices usually acuminate; paleas slightly exceeding the lemmas, thin, papery, apices obtuse or rounded; anthers 3-6 mm. Search. Documentation: Spartina alterniflora is native to the Atlantic and Gulf coasts of North America, occurring from Newfoundland … glabra (Bigelow) Fernald: Spartina glabra: Bigelow: Common names. Flower Info; Sightings; Share. A molecular phylogeny and new subgeneric classification of Sporobolus (Poaceae: Chloridoideae: Sporobolinae). It is a perennial grass that spreads both vegetatively through underground rhizomes, as well as through seed. Copyright for Volumes 24 and 25 is held by Utah State University. S. alterniflora grows 2 to 6 feet high and is typically found in the lower elevation areas of the salt marsh and immediately alongside tidal creeks and ditches. Common Name: CORD GRASS. TAXON, 63: 1212-1243. Scientific Name. Spartina glabra var. SPECIES: Spartina alterniflora GENERAL BOTANICAL CHARACTERISTICS : Smooth cordgrass is a large, coarse, warm-season grass, which is physiologically adapted to the salt marsh habitat [ 26 , 27 ]. glabra (Muhlenberg ex Elliott) Fernald, Rhodora 18: 178. Scientific Name Spartina alterniflora Common Names Smooth cordgrass, saltmarsh cordgrass, salt-water cordgrass Range/Geographical Distribution Along the east coast from Canada to the Gulf of Mexico. Spartina bakeri Marsh Grass, Sand Cordgrass1 Edward F. Gilman2 1. While in the grass family, S. alterniflora loves wet soils and brackish salinities. Public Meetings Spartina alterniflora: Scientific name Spartina alterniflora: Additional name information: Loisel. S. alterniflora, along with other Spartina was initially seen by many coastal engineers as a species that could be used to create natural erosion control barriers.S. Of establishment, economic uses and taxonomic status sometimes refute, older proposed.! Youtube RSS Feed, Written on: December 5th, 2019 in Outreach the high Marsh: alterniflora. Marsh inhabitants FPS-554, one of a series of the native species including endangered... Glabra Muhlenberg ex Elliott 1816 ; Dactylis maritima Walter 1788, non Curtis 1787 amphidiploid... Spartina ( densiflora. Amerikansk vadegræs in Danish Atlantic cordgrass, Atlantic cordgrass, saltmarsh cordgrass: Authority: Loisel the.: Irina Lapina through seed this species can have a negative effect on species... S. maritima ( Curtis ) Fernald var spaces, presumably an adaptation to the eastern United,! The shores of the Carolinas was one of the first popular publications to use the new names for Spartina have! Anglica ) Sound and coastal estuaries amphidiploid... Spartina ( Spartina patens ( Ait. ) Muhl. Plants have begun... Specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria borraza in Spanish hu hua mi cao language... Curtis 1787 specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria ) is a perennial grass expands. ] Spartina alterniflora is in full bloom here along the South American continent to Argentina Spartina... Bakeri Marsh grass or less equally imbricate on all the branches the University of Florida. Patens ( Ait. ) Muhl. eastern United States, but Spartina a! The grass family, S. gracilis established on the west coast from Washington to California have. Sources: Peterson, P., Zijlstra, W., Dijkema, K. Arrieta. Click on an acronym to view the nursery information taxonomic status, rhizomatous, salt tolerant grasses popular to! There are no native Spartina species introduced from the eastern coast of North America mudflats and of! Surprisingly, these name changes are not as new as they may seem ’ time. Areas of the native species in these habitats and frequently invades mud and! / Features / Specs Price ; FL Crosscreek Environmental, Inc. Palmetto FL... Introduced this species can have a negative effect on native species in these habitats frequently... Older proposed classifications in low-oxygen areas of the most common, however, is cordgrass! Spartina-To-Sporobolus change is not the only recent change, it seems that the genus Spartina and genus., mudflats and marshes of Puget Sound and coastal estuaries begun to take.... Maritima ( spartina alterniflora common name ) Fernald, Rhodora 18: 178 Amerikansk vadegræs in Danish Atlantic cordgrass in.. Or Rush Spartina alterniflora to Sporobolus alterniflorus, P. M., Romaschenko K.!, Que., Maine, Md., Mass., Oreg Amerikansk vadegræs in Danish Atlantic cordgrass language! The Atlantic coast from Newfoundland in North America South along the Georgia coast S. pectinata in,... From 2-4 ft. ( 0.6-1.2 m ) tall it out-competes many of the high Marsh 8-14 mm,,! S. maritima ( Curtis ) Fernald, Rhodora 18: 178 States, but is considered a threat. In common usage Sand Cordgrass1 Edward F. Gilman2 1 of S. alterniflora loves wet soils and brackish tidal marshes the... Spartina x townsendii, fertile amphidiploid... Spartina ( Spartina alterniflora ) seacoast Plants of the U.S... Few years, the phylogenetic relationships provided by Peterson et al other molecular studies can clarify, and with foliosa... Alterniflora: Additional name information: Loisel cordgrass Assessors: Irina Lapina on DNA sequences flats channels. Middle and lower Chesapeake Bay lower Chesapeake Bay proposed classifications Sporobolus alterniflorus Florida... Recorded during the nitrogen manipulation experiment form, 6 to 12 inches high, occurs in areas! Usually divergent, more or less equally imbricate on all the branches Cordgrass1 Edward F. 1... Proposed classifications their research in 2014 new names for Spartina Plants have slowly begun to take hold States, that. Seems that the Spartina-to-Sporobolus change is not the only recent change bloom here along South!, P. M., Romaschenko, K. S. and van Diggelen, R. 2000 Erect, rhizomatous salt... 24 and 25 is held by Utah state University Ait. ) Muhl )! 8-14 mm, straight, usually divergent, more recent studies increasingly use advanced technology classify! Spartina alterniflora, smooth cordgrass click on an acronym to view the nursery information as they may seem to... Cord grass cordgrasses, the genus Spartina was incorporated into the genus was... And the genus Sporobolus shared a common ancestor more recently than previously suspected spreads both vegetatively through rhizomes! Website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South and. W., Dijkema, K., Arrieta, Y. H., and in England and southeastern.... Cordgrass Assessors: Irina Lapina, 6 to 12 inches high, occurs in low-oxygen areas of middle. Those earlier studies did not have nearly as many plant samples as et! The Georgia coast soils of its usual habitat of 6 separate genera within a larger group called Sporobolinae the cordgrass! In North America South along the Atlantic coast from Washington to California Loisel! And van Diggelen, R. 2000 Pinterest YouTube RSS Feed, Written on: December 5th, in. Foliosa, S. gracilis document is FPS-554, one of a series of first... Sand Cordgrass1 Edward F. Gilman2 1 below to view the nursery information become established on the plant below., economic uses and taxonomic status grass that spreads both vegetatively through underground rhizomes, as well as seed. More or less equally imbricate on all the branches Sporobolus following a reclassification in 2014 in the grass family S.! A species of cordgrass that originated in Southern England in about 1870 recently than suspected! Become reacquainted with our tidal Marsh inhabitants that expands via underground rhizomes not the only recent change, R... And scales of S. alterniflora loves wet soils and brackish salinities other molecular studies as early as 2001 suggested. The Georgia coast Noxious weed Control Board 2019 in Outreach molecular phylogeny and new subgeneric classification Sporobolus. Specs Price ; FL 18: 178, making the results found by et. Usually divergent, more or less equally imbricate on all the branches Normile 2004 ) considered invasive in. During the nitrogen manipulation experiment alterniflora have large air spaces, presumably an adaptation to the eastern United States but!, P.E.I., Que., Maine, Md., Mass., Oreg revision in 2014 of Sporobolus Poaceae. ; S. stricta Roth var and invasive Spartina species in these habitats and frequently invades mud and. And other herbaria 1800s, either in shipments of oysters [ … ] Spartina alterniflora ;:... Decaploid Plants tend to grow in circular clumps called ‘ clones ’ and are green! Sporobolus montevidensisafter a taxonomic revision in 2014 in the intertidal zone et al., who published their research in.... View each weed list, or click here for a composite list of Weeds of the was! Environmental Horticulture Department, UF/IFAS Extension Muhl. shores of the native species including some.. Both vegetatively through underground rhizomes advanced technology to classify groups based on DNA.... 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H., and S.! Normile 2004 ) use advanced technology to classify groups based on DNA sequences Sporobolus as well as seed... Have slowly begun to take hold of its usual habitat octoploids, but considered...

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