Hives in dogs appear in the form of reddish welts on the skin that can cause itching. Usually, it is caused by a reaction to which allergic dogs are prone.
Hives are widespread and usually disappear on their own in a few minutes. But when the case is severe, it is necessary to go to a veterinarian urgently to provide us with an oral or injectable antihistamine.
Causes of hives in dogs
In dogs, skin pathologies are often related to environmental allergens and usually appear in specific areas such as the face, ears, legs, the base of the tail, under the elbows, and the groin area. They present as swelling, lumps or hives, itching, burning, discomfort, and nervousness.
Thus, urticaria is a hypersensitive response to some external agent such as:
- A type of food.
- Vaccines or certain medications.
- Plants like nettles.
- The bite of an insect. Fleas, lice, and mites can cause skin irritations; Some dogs are susceptible to them.
- Intense or excessive heat. It is a group of hives in which the hiver appears in the contact zone with low or very high temperatures.
- Skin diseases.
It is easy to detect hives because it is very striking. And it is that in the dogs of short hair, it can be observed elevation of the hairs on the lesions that give the mantle a grainy appearance.
They can not always produce itching, but when they do, it is very evident: the dog scratches very intensely and can cause injuries. Hives in dogs appear more frequently in breeds of short hair.
How to treat hives in dogs?
It is essential to find the cause of the hives to avoid in the future the element that produces it, for which it is necessary to eliminate it from the diet or ensure that it does not rub the skin of the animal. Depending on the severity of the urticaria, or how often it occurs, we will think if our dog needs some long-term treatment.
Once the injury has been triggered, the most effective is to treat it to remit the hives and avoid itching and excessive scratching, if any. We can relieve itching with a warm water bath with a shampoo for sensitive skin.
However, if the hives and itching remain over time, and hives and other lesions continue to appear on the dog’s skin, it may be that the dog suffers from skin disease such as atopic dermatitis.
In these cases, we will have to have stricter control in the life of the animal, take care of the environment and its feeding, and go to the veterinarian to prescribe a treatment.
There are allergy tests to detect which elements produce allergy in a dog. These panels include environmental agents such as certain types of pollen, plants, mites … and foods such as meats, fish, rice, wheat, or eggs.
Immunotherapy treatments are also available to treat allergies through monthly vaccines.
The shock anaphylactic
If the urticaria reaction does not subside, and we notice that the dog worsens, in which case we would be faced with anaphylactic shock, we should go to the nearest emergency veterinarian; It may require hospitalization until the crisis is resolved, sleep therapy and intravenous medication. We should never wait in these cases or administer medications on our own.
The skin is the first barrier against infections, parasites, and diseases. Therefore, it is essential to take care of it to maintain a robust immune system. In addition to applying good hygiene, we can help our dog with a complete diet and nutritional supplements.
Foods were rich in omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids that are beneficial in animals prone to dermatitis and allergic skin reactions.