Dog`s Health

Cracked nose in dogs: causes and treatment

On some occasions, the pathologies of the pets can begin with physical alterations. The cracked nose in dogs is an example of this, hence the importance of observation and subsequent collaboration between owners and veterinarians.

Either by its widespread dissemination or by its secure evidence, the dogs’ nose is one of the morphological features most analyzed by the owners. Usually, a wet state of this is related to good health. However, this rule is not always valid, since its hydration fluctuates daily because it is closely related to the weather.

Before a cracked nose, thicker, or even with occasional bleeding, it is advisable to go to the specialist for a better review.

Harmless causes of a cracked nose

The excess of dryness and the consequent appearance of small crevices in the trunk of the dogs can be due to a multitude of factors. Therefore, before worrying, it is interesting to know the most common.

Among the usual causes is the lower frequency of licking. Although most owners ignore it, one of the main reasons why dogs have a wet nose is because of their habit of sucking it. Thus, in those moments when there has been a lesser opportunity to do so, as is the case with a long nap, this area will be drier.

The direct incidence of the sun or prolonged exposure to a heat source can contribute to its dehydration.

In this way, when the reasons for a cracked nose are due to non-pathological factors, it is best to let it return to its being naturally. Usually, the dog will tend to lick again when it feels dry, so proper daily washing is often enough.

Local washing of the nose can be annoying if done with the bath hose. Therefore, it is best to use a sponge or damp cloth to moisten the area. Subsequently, soaps or talcum powder that can irritate and worsen symptoms should be avoided.

In some cases, petroleum jelly or unusual ointments can help to reverse the situation more quickly, but the professionals should always advise them.

Pathologies that contribute to nasal dryness

In addition to the above causes, there are diseases whose symptoms include a cracked nose. Among the least harmful are allergies to pollen, mold, or any chemical or food product. In these cases, dryness may be accompanied by itching and redness, which will be relieved with antihistamines or steroids in the most severe cases.

The most harmful pathologies linked to cracking are those of the autoimmune type, such as lupus or pemphigus. For its diagnosis, blood, urine, and a biopsy of the nose are necessary. In this situation, the veterinarian will prescribe immunosuppressive medications such as prednisone.

In general, one can suspect the existence of severe illness when there is bleeding, dry secretions, bulges, or excessive thickening.

At the same time, and beyond the physical aspects of the animal, the owners should look at physiological or behavioral symptoms. The presence of vomiting, diarrhea, lethargy, lack of appetite, or excessive scratching is some of the most common.

As a first premise before a cracked nose, or any change in the appearance of a pet, a comprehensive observation of the animal must prevail. Therefore, the information provided by the owners to the veterinarian is critical to determine the most appropriate tests for their diagnosis.

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