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-knights were highly trained warriors who usually was a vassal Land Europe before the Conquest 1. -example (picking up a white hot piece of metal - if your hands do not burn -system of justice - other popular assemblies Famine, pestilence, war, and death ravaged Europe from the 14th and to the mid 15th century. manor had to be self-sufficient (produce & grow everything they need) Pre-colonization European society. After the fall of Rome, Europe entered the _______? -THE ROMAN LEGIONS (ARMY): best in the world - loyal to generals - well -ARCHITECTURE: the arch, the aqua ducts, the Coliseum, Concrete, dome, -in an emergency, a dictator would be appointed (Cincinnatus) The religion arrived in Europe via Spain in 711 and remained there until 1492, when Catholic monarchs reconquered the last of Muslim-held territory after a long war. family crests. Until recently, western historians and anthropologists believed that American Indians and the land they lived on and interacted with had no real history prior to 1492, almost as if the indigenous peoples of the Americas floated along waiting for Europeans to arrive before they could actually exist and have a history “worthy” of being recorded. -shipbuilders learned how to build better ships - Italy look at the history of Western Europe. Rome was what was known as a city-state. European Conquest 2/15 1492: Columbus established the first Spanish colony 1521: the Aztec Empire was destroyed 1533: the Inca Empire was destroyed Conquest was assisted by smallpox disease and superior weapons The Columbian Exchange Introduced American plants and animals to the rest of the world (potatoes, tomatoes, pineapple) Introduced domesticated plants and animals from rest of world … period in european history from the fifth century through the fourteenth century marked by an absence of effective central government. On October 12, the … From 1314 to 1316, heavy rain and disease wiped out crops and livestock. This OpenStax … -English nobles dislike paying high taxes to king (Henry II) name Moors out of Spain 299.94.11 /299.94.16 . This historic moment in 1492 sparked new rivalries among European powers as they scrambled to create New World colonies, fueled by the quest for wealth and power as well as by religious passions. Gravity. Created by. Learn. What was life like in North America before Europeans arrived? Why -many different theories -with the increase in trade, people need to travel to places where trade is -Men like Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle are Although Europeans would come to dominate the New World, they could not have done so without Africans and native peoples. Caesar crosses Rubicon with army - marches on Rome 64 B.C. darkness of the Medieval Ages. to do something that would  OTHER NATIONS: EUROPE BEFORE 1492 *In this section we will examine the foundations of western society. Normandy) was one of many -The Third Crusade (1187) - European armies fail to recapture Holy Land - when there were serious advancements in philosophy, government, science, What was the Renaissance?  ENGLAND: The MANOR, -ART & LITERATURE: accurate statues (problem with eyes) Virgil (writer) In this groundbreaking work of science, history, and archaeology, Charles C. Mann radically alters our understanding of the Americas before the arrival of Columbus in 1492.  CHIVALRY: 2 Brief overview of European history (before 1492) The peoples of Europe have had a tremendous impact on the development of the United States throughout the course of U.S. history.  THE CRUSADES: -Europeans were introduced to new exotic goods from the East Twitter. -Many of our traditions and customs come -The Second Crusade (1147) - European armies fail to defend Holy Land - 6. The fact is that neither of these vegetables gained any acceptance in Europe much before the 18th century." The Americas, Europe, and Africa Before 1492 . -ROADS: built roads all over the empire - communication, troop movements, -excellent organizers - metal workers - engineering - architecture - brutal OF NORTH AMERICA Describe what the archeological record tells about the arrival, development, and cu ltures of the first peoples of North America. -force him to sign a document limiting the power of the King called the Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Carthaginian ships) that later became the USA. 1492… 4. What was the “Golden Age” in Ancient Greece? These were nomadic people that began to build settlements and domesticate plants and animals. Figure 1.2 (credit: modification of work by Architect of the Capitol) 8 Chapter 1 | The Americas, Europe, and Africa Before 1492 . The arrival of Americans in Europe before 1492 suggests that a revision of American history is in order. -brutal warriors - rough men - reddish hair - vassals also divided up their lands & gave portions to others - this -Europeans start to increase TRADE with East & each other (trade timber, people - entertained 1.1 The Americas; 1.2 Europe on the Brink of Change; 1.3 West Africa and the Role of Slavery; 2. Before 1492, modern-day Mexico, most of Central America, and the southwestern United States comprised an area now known as Meso or Middle America. stoic attitude Write. -According to legend, Rome was founded by two twin brothers - Romulus & - Republic ends an conquered North Africa - takes over included a manor house or Which two modern nations in Europe were not united until the 1800's. What spurred European expansion? Social Structure 2. Globalization, the ever-increasing interconnectedness of the world, is not a new phenomenon, but it accelerated when western Europeans discovered the riches of the East. - CLEOPATRA - queen of Egypt - actually Greek - thought to have been Europe was a backward place, geographically hemmed in by the more sophisticated Muslim world. (You may explore this in World History). city-states. Key Terms: 1. William Blake-Europe Supported By Africa and America 1796. railroad gage we use today is the same width as the wheels on Roman carts Remus (753 B.C.) 2 Brief overview of European history (before 1492) The peoples of Europe have had a tremendous impact on the development of the United States throughout the course of U.S. history.

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